On August 12, 1959, something remarkable and yet unremarkable happened. Little Rock teenagers started the high school year.
After turmoil and no classes in 1958-1959 (dubbed the Lost Year), the state law allowing for schools to be shut down in order to keep them segregated had been overturned.
The six new school board members (all of whom had started since December 1958) decided to start classes in the middle of August instead of the traditional post-Labor Day start. The original start date of post-Labor Day was changed in an announcement on Monday, August 4. Among the reasons was to get classes started before Gov. Faubus could convene the Arkansas General Assembly into special session and create more mischief in order to try to keep Little Rock’s high Schools segregated.
While it WAS important to have the schools reopened, the desegregation was minimal. Originally, only three African Americans were admitted to Central High (Jefferson Thomas, Elizabeth Eckford, and Carlotta Walls, who had all been part of the Little Rock Nine) and only three were admitted to Hall High. One of the three admitted to Central, Eckford, had enough credits due to correspondence courses, and did not enroll.
On August 12, about 1,000 segregationists attended a rally at the State Capitol hearing from Gov. Faubus and other speakers. After it was over, about 250 marched or drove toward Central High School. A block away from the school, they met a phalanx of police officers who turned them away. When the marchers broke into rioters, the Fire Department turned its hoses on them. The police ended up arresting 24 people. (This more active response by Police and Fire personnel was a marked difference from two years prior.)
After the school year started, the School Board interviewed over a dozen African American students who wished to transfer from Horace Mann to either Central, Hall, or Technical high schools. Of these, three would be admitted to Central, including sophomore Sybil L. Jordan (now better known as Dr. Sybil Jordan Hampton).