On January 30, 1882, future U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born. In 1936, he visited Little Rock as part of a statewide tour in conjunction with Arkansas’ Centennial celebration. While in the state he spent time outside of Hot Springs at Couchwood, the vacation home of Arkansas Power & Light founder Harvey Couch, who was the chair of the Centennial activities.
In honor of President Roosevelt’s visit, a portion of Highway 365 in Little Rock was designated Roosevelt Road. He followed part of that road while in the Capital City before making a public appearance.
President Roosevelt’s address on June 10, recounted Arkansas’ territorial and statehood history. At the end he paid tribute to his Senator Joseph Taylor Robinson. The Senator was a friend and confidant who often led the charge for FDR programs in congress. Indeed, it would be New Deal programs which would allow for the construction of a municipal auditorium in Little Rock, which would be named in memory of Sen. Robinson after his death in the summer of 1937. (As the Democratic leader of the Senate, it had been Robinson who accompanied FDR and Eleanor in the motorcade to the 1933 Presidential inauguration ceremony.)
FDR’s visit to Arkansas had political implications as well. The late Senator Huey Long of neighboring Louisiana had been arguably FDR’s biggest adversary in Washington. Long was very popular in rural areas of Arkansas and had campaigned for Hattie Caraway when she ran for re-election to the Senate, to the dismay of many of Arkansas’ Democratic establishment. Harvey Couch had worked to bring about a detente between FDR and Long prior to the latter’s assassination in 1935. But between a lingering mistrust of FDR by Long supporters and discontent from some sectors based on New Deal programs, it was important for FDR to shore up Democratic support in Arkansas. At the time the state had nine electoral votes.
Early in World War II, President Roosevelt used a fireside chat to promote the heroism of Little Rock native Corydon Wassell, who had saved several troops in the South Pacific. FDR would return to Central Arkansas in 1943 to review troops at the military facility named for Sen. Robinson. That would be his final visit to Arkansas before his death in April 1945.