Following the cessation of Little Rock municipal government in September 1863, there was no mayor of Little Rock for the remainder of the Civil War.
In the late summer of 1865, plans were announced for the resumption of local government, and elections were set for October 16, 1865. Former mayor William E. Ashley (the first mayor of Little Rock to be born in Little Rock) had expressed his intention to run for the office. W. S. Oliver had also announced his candidacy. On that day, however, the elections were suspended by military leadership over Arkansas. There were issues related to the governance of Arkansas under Reconstruction.
Details in the Arkansas Gazette were vague. However whatever the actual issues were seem to have been resolved. A new election date was set for January 1, 1866.
On November 4, 1865, William E. Ashley issued a notice that he was withdrawing from the race. He had apparently been in ill health for a period of two months. As he was recovering, he found himself needing to devote his time to his business affairs he had neglected during the illness.
A week later, Ashley was the lead signatory on a letter sent to Dr. J. J. McAlmont (a local physician and pharmacist) asking him to be a candidate for mayor. There were a total of twenty-nine men who signed the letter including several former members of the City Council. Dr. McAlmont sent a letter accepting the offer and announcing he would be a candidate. Both letters were printed in the Arkansas Gazette.
On January 1, 1866, the election took place. The Gazette reported approximately 600 people voted and that Dr. McAlmont won. It did not give a vote total for him or any opponents. He would serve in office for a year.