In the early 20th century, Little Rock mayors were traditionally granted a second two-year term, if they wanted them. So, 30 year old Mayor Pat Robinson may have been surprised when City Clerk Horace A. Knowlton Jr., announced his challenge for the Democratic primary in 1930.
Robinson had been the rising star of the Democratic Party in Little Rock. At the age of 25, he was nominated for the position of City Attorney and elected at 26 to the position. Two years later, he was re-elected. Then, a few months into his second term, he ran for the position of mayor. In the primary, he defeated the incumbent, an alderman and a school board member. Taking office a few days after turning 29, Robinson was one of Little Rock’s youngest mayors ever.
However, shortly after taking office, Robinson butted heads with the majority of the City Council over a special election. And his term was marked with continual political strife.
In 1929 and 1930, Little Rock was recovering from the 1927 flood and the 1929 stock market crash. Yet Robinson appeared to be trying to spend the city out of the doldrums and driving up the city’s debt.
Knowlton was elected City Clerk in 1921 and had been re-elected in 1923, 1925, 1927, and 1929. He was viewed as an efficient politico and a stalwart member of the party.
The City’s financial state was the main thrust of Knowlton’s campaign against Robinson. The phrase “orgy of spending” appeared in an ad. The incumbent countered with the progress of the City.
A third candidate, Bob Brown, was not a factor in the race.
November 10, 1930, dawned. It was the local Democratic primary day. Since the GOP was virtually non-existent, the winner of the nomination would be the ultimate winner in April 1931.
Anyone thinking the nasty election would be over soon was in for a surprise.
When the results came in, the tallies were: Horace A. Knowlton, 4,537; Pat L. Robinson, 4,554; Bob Brown. 61. It appeared that Robinson had eked out a 17 vote victory. On November 12, the Pulaski County Democratic Committee certified the results.
Three days later, Knowlton filed suit in circuit court claiming that a variety of illegal votes had been cast for Robinson. A few days later, Robinson alleged that illegal votes had been cast for Knowlton.
The case was extensive. The transcript of the trial runs over 1,800 pages. The judge reviewed the more than 9,000 ballots cast and compared them to voter rolls and poll tax lists. Ultimately, he found that Knowlton had received ten more votes than Robinson and declared that Knowlton was the nominee.
Knowlton’s name was placed on the ballot in April and he was elected, taking office later that month.
However, Robinson had appealed the circuit court ruling to the Arkansas Supreme Court. In June 1921, the Court upheld the lower court ruling and affirmed that Knowlton was indeed the duly elected mayor of Little Rock.